Tuesday, September 18, 2012

Competition Idea

Check out this great little competition idea; quick, easy, fun.  This snap was taken at Brunswick Secondary College Library in Melbourne.

Term 3 Displays

Book Week: Champions Read

The Antonine Library pulled out all stops for Book Week this year; we celebrated champions reading in combination with the Australian Olympic triumphs.

Friday August 17
Book Week presentation in assembly

Josie and Ria will coordinate a presentation to give at assembly prior  to book week to encourage students and staff to be a part of the activities and encourage reading.
Friday August 17
Staff champion display
Staff are invited to bring a photo of them being a champion and share their favourite read for a book week display – photos in by August 17
Monday – Friday
20-24 August
Daily bulletin ‘Bronze, silver and gold challenges’
Each day homeroom teachers will read out the bronze and silver questions that can be answered in class.
The gold question will be more challenging and entries can be completed by students writing the answer and their name and homeroom on a piece of paper and putting it in the gold box on the desk in the library.  The winning entry will be drawn at recess and the student will receive an award.
Monday – Friday
20-24 August
Book trailers on the TV
Book trailers will be played on the library TV to advertise great reads.
Friday 24 August

Champions Dress Up Day
Students and staff are invited to come dressed as a champion.  House Leaders will visit homerooms to collect house points for students in costume and to judge best costumes.
Winners will be announced in the library at lunchtime and prizes awarded.
Sister Rita to take photos?
Friday 24 August
Champions hour (no students)
Champions celebrate a big week with a lovely glass of wine.  Head to the Library after school on Friday for wine and cheese.
8A English class – any day during book week
Award and recognition
An award and recognition ceremony for the students in 8A who read the most books during semester 1.  A small prize for each student will be given out.

Special Guests

Wednesday 22 August
The Flying Bookworm
Year 9 will watch a performance of Romeo and Juliet from 9:15-10:15 in the Hall.
Wednesday 22 August
The Flying Bookworm
Year 10 will watch a performance of Macbeth from 10:30-11:30 in the Hall.
Wednesday 21 August
Writing Workshops
Year 7A and half of 7B will participate in a writing workshop with visiting author Robert Newton in the Library from 9:15-10:15.
Wednesday 21 August
Writing Workshops
Year 7C and half of 7B will participate in a writing workshop with visiting author Robert Newton in the Library from 10:30-11:30.
Wednesday 21 August
Visiting author presentation
Year 8 will attend a presentation by visiting author Robert Newton in the Hall from 12:30-1:30.

 The week was busy, fun, engaging and rewarding.  The Library was at the forefront of people's minds and reading the buzz word for the week.
I have some great photos from the dress up day to post too!!

Sunday, July 29, 2012

Global e-literacy: leading the reinvention of learning

On Friday I attended the SLAV conference; I'm always impressed by the quality of these conferences and the great networking opportunity it allows.  Friday's event didn't disappoint.  The day kicked off with a keynote address from Judy O'Connell.  I'd been following Judy for sometime on Twitter and so it was nice to place a person to the tweet (@heyjudeonline).  Judy assisted me in understanding Augmented Reality.

Augmented Reality
AR is looking at a real world picture and seeing a modified version of this through a device like a smartphone.  I've had a bit of a look and experiment with "Spotcrime", which detects different crime hot spot areas, "StarChart", for identifying constellations, "SnapShop Showroom" for visualising furniture in your own home and "Acrossair Augmented Reality Browser" which has a surprisingly broad amount of information with everything from nearby restaurants, historically significant buildings and traffic info.   AR is really exciting and I can envisage many ways to enhance teaching and learning.

Jenny Luca spoke next and I was eagerly anticipating her presentation, (yes, I follow her on Twitter too! @jennyluca).  Jenny was straight to the point; she asked her audience what we were doing to make meaningful change to ensure longevity for school libraries and teacher librarians.  Jenny's discussion reignited the vision and I know our library needs to make our next game plan with a big focus on information literacy.

The sessions that followed morning tea were fabulous; roundtable discussions that focused on a particular topic, for instance Twitter, screen casting or Evernote.  I picked up a few ideas from Cameron Hocking at the screen casting table and David Feighan at the ebook table.  

Following lunch there was a panel discussion that included everything from lib guides to apps, curation tools and library design.  It really did prove that there is so much great stuff happening in school libraries and made me really proud to be a part of SLAV.

My only criticism of the day; I'm told repeatedly that we have to move with technology, embrace it, make it a part of our lives and our teaching.  And I wonder, what if we are already on board?  What is the next message?

Things to check out - 
All the presentations from the day:

Jane Hart's top 100 tools for learning:

Horizon Report 2012:

Sunday, July 15, 2012

Holiday reading and viewing...

These holidays whilst basking in the hotel room due to tropical downpours I put my book down and put the TV on.  The following is a list of movies I allowed myself to sit and watch.  I find it hard to sit and watch a full movie, considering I can relax whilst reading and this kills two birds with the one stone; I always have a huge stack of books to read for the library and book club and personal interest.  I did manage to read a few and I've listed these as well.


  • Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close - I had previously read the book - bit of a tear jerker - lovely perspective from a young boy with Autism.
  • The Hangover - part 2 - very amusing!
  • Safe House - predictable action packed Denzel Washington flick.
  • Twilight - Breaking Dawn part 1 - I am usually more critical in my appraisal of YA fiction - but I've loved this series and all the movies (there I've said it!)
  • The Warrior - some wrestling movie the boyfriend wanted to watch
  • New Year's Eve - romantic comedy with an all star cast just not an all-star storyline
  • Marked by PC Cast & Kristin Cast - more vampire teen stuff
  • Fifty Shades of Grey - I thought this was appalling
  • Jasper Jones by Craig Silvey - too long - but a good story - felt like "The Shark Net"
  • The Coming of the Whirlpool by Andrew McGahan - great story - looking forward to the next instalment 
  • The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins - this is really good.  But we already knew that.
  • To Hope and Back by Kathy Kacer - another very sad story from WW2.  The thing I appreciate is they are stories that will be accessible by younger students
  • When we were two by Robert Newton - sad story set in early 1900s
  • Ishmael and the hoops of steel by Michael Gerard Bauer - I love this series - soooo funny
  • The Sense of an Ending by Julian Barnes - very poor start - very confusing end

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Federation Square

I visited Federation Square twice over the weekend.  The first visit was at 12:30am Sunday morning to watch Black Caviar racing at Royal Ascot and, subsequently, her 22nd consecutive win.  There were thousands of people comfortably arranged; standing, sitting, huddled, to enjoy the event on the big screen.  The second visit was on Sunday night, on my way to Birrarung Marr, for Circus Oz (which was brilliant and I highly recommend), Fed Square was not so packed and I was able to enjoy the light and art installations scattered about the well used meeting place.  One that caught my keen librarian eye was the "Book-light installation" and I have a few photos of this to share.

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Digital storytelling

I've just found the Inanimate Alice series: http://www.inanimatealice.com/
I love it that reading a story is no longer simply reading a book and viewing the illustrations.  Digital stories combine watching, reading, contributing, listening, participating and more.  Multiple layers, split screens and variety are all elements of the Inanimate Alice series of digital stories.  
This type of story more accurately reflects the use of technology and personal devices that are a part of our lives.  I'm looking forward to showing the students and sharing feedback.  

Wednesday, June 6, 2012

Before I go to sleep

I just wanted to give a quick plug to S.J. Watson's "Before I go to sleep".   The main protagonist has a rare form of amnesia, she remembers nothing from the past 20 years and is retold every day by her husband her life story.  The reader is quick to become suspicious of the husband and the real mystery starts when Christine accesses her journal which begins - Do not trust your husband.
It feels like the movie "50 First Dates" but it's a book which makes it 10 times better.

Gambling in the library

Today at lunchtime a student asked for a set of chess pieces.  I assumed someone else had gathered the board and gave them to him without further thought.  Later I saw him and his mates playing the card game '21' and using the chess pieces as money to play.  I had to laugh at their inventiveness and at least no one lost their lunch money.

Thursday, May 31, 2012

Friday, May 25, 2012

New library displays

This week new pin board material was placed up throughout the library.  It not only looks great, absorbs sound and provides a convenient place to create displays it has modernised the feel of our library.

I was quick to put up displays as soon as the work was done:

Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Toilet Reading

Thanks to OZ-TL net I have taken up the idea of promoting reading and engaging more school community members into reading by attaching the first page of a range of books to the back of the toilet door.

I love this idea... thanks OZ-TL net.

Book Club

A colleague and I were discussing her new Breakfast Book Club and I thought I could assist by offering a list of the books studied as part of the Back Door Bookers Book Club I am gratefully a part of.  I also thought that sharing this list might help others.

Here are the books we've had thus far (I have forgotten some):
  • The Red Tent - such a classic - women will really appreciate
  • Middlesex by Geoffrey Eugenides – this was a beauty 
  • Dirt Music by Time Winton – great story – incredible writer - good to do an Australian author/setting
  • Monkey Grip by Helen Garner – great because it's set in melbourne 
  • The Slap – we also analysed the tv series episode 1 - what a series!
  • Big Love- TV series one
  • The Snows of Kilimanjaro by Hemmingway
  • Castle of Adventure by Enid Blyton – a children's classic - this was fabulous – focus on the changes in childhood and boy/girl stereotypes
  • The Submission by Amy Waldman
  • The Secret River by kate Grenville – set in Australia – colonial times and issues between white settlers and Aboriginal people – really moving
  • The Great Gatsby by Fitzgerald – we wanted to get this one in before the release of the film – such an incredible book and good for deep analysis
  • How it feels by Brendan Cowell – this is actually pretty disturbing - but we wanted to do this one as an up and coming author - fairly full on themes 
  • The Byron Journals  by Daniel DuCrou – we did this one because we had the author coming to speak at our book club - DuCrou was a real charmer and we enjoyed this book meet so much
  • 1984 by George Orwell
  • Eat Pray Love by Elizabeth Gilbert 
  • The Reluctant Fundamentalist
That's all I can think of at the moment.
Book club is such fun!

Tuesday, May 8, 2012

Fabulous and innovative bookcases


Check out the bookcases on this site.  I love the way people think, create and share.

Here's my bookcase:

Sunday, May 6, 2012


Hosted at Melbourne Park Function Centre May 4 2012

My reflections and learnings...

The day started with Maureen Henninger talking about the need to utilise search engines other than google.
She recommended:
Exalead, Infomine, IPL2, INTUTE, AcademicInfo Subject guides
Also when searching to use the following search terms : intitle, inurl and filetype
For example a search on alcohol and drug abuse intitle: "substance abuse" inurl: edu filetype: pdf
This will ensure that you go past the common predictive search results that come up and begin accessing some of the 70% of information that is not reached via search engines like google.

Sandy Phillips then spoke about the need to move away from work tasks that require students simply to report on a topic.  Students have such easy access to basic information, they need to be challenged with what they do with that information.
She mentioned that World Book Online is available to all schools for free it just needs to be accessed - see EDUSTAR
She also recommended:

  • Freeware for images
  • Posti for cybersafety activities and information
  • Scootle
  • FUSE
  • Connect
  • Edublogs
  • Storyboard generator - best on the web, created by ACMI
  • 15 second place - great phone app for creation of short film
  • Teach work right - great app for students starting work experience or employment 
  • Playground finder - great app
  • Travel bugs- International game (like Carmen SAn Diego- but 2012)
  • Phat poetry- copyright free
  • Inside a dog - I don't use this enough!
  • Making history - museum victoria
  • Zoos Victoria- great challenges for kids
  • We solve it- question generator
  • Cultural infusion - free music, copyright free, kids can mash up 
  • Artroom 2.0 - sharing artwork
  • Page to stage - drama
  • Voice thread - record audio and computer screen 
  • Check out Scholastic book flix for free children's e-books.

Free audio books:

Google search education

SCIS presentation
At the end of the day there was a presentation on cataloguing e-books (note it has a hyphen).  The basic premise is that they are catalogued like any other resource.
Access instructions from www.esa.edu.au/scis/help.html
If an e-book is only available on a website, in html form then it is catalogued as a website.  If the e-book can be downloaded to an e-reader requiring e-reader software then it is an e-book.

SCIS rathers that for any resource there is only one catalogue record and the different formats are listed in the notes section not as separate records.

SCIS PD days: www.esa.edu.au/scis/professional_learning.html for SCIS PD days

I asked a question of the group at the end regarding management of student and teacher text books.  In terms of the teacher text books we need to make sure we sign up for the e-resource and pass on the details to the relevant person so information is not lost at any stage.  In terms of student books everyone agreed there needs to be more than one year longevity in the e-resource - some librarians are keeping records of logins to ensure they are safe.  Others think that as it only lasts a year it is not worth it.  One TL is photocopying the back page of student and teacher books where the information is stored.

I have invited the guys from tag-alert to come out and give us a free quote for a security system to be installed.  I think some of our new books are walking out the door.

I caught up with Dylan from Bolinda - he said they've signed up Brighton Grammar and MLC.  He is run off his feet with school visits.  He also gave me four free audio books and some bookmarks and other bits  (one of the audio books is Mao's Last Dancer).  Thanks Dylan.

I'm convinced that paying large subscriptions to newspaper databases and encyclopaedias is not necessary.  TROVE and the State library have it covered. SO much good free stuff on the net that we are not utilising to full potential.
We need to look at what we're spending our $$ on.

SLAV conferences are always tip top.

Wednesday, April 25, 2012

New furniture

I've recently ordered some new furniture to create a reading area in the library.  It looks great and seems to be having the desired effect.

Reading Fiction

I've recently been on school holidays.  I spent the two weeks absorbed in novels; reading and listening to them, 11 in total.  My head swimming with paranormal romance I've been a bit overrun by vampires, shape shifters and werewolves.
A highlight of my reading was "Extremely loud and incredibly close" by John Safran Foer.  About an Autistic child in New York struggling to accept the death of his father in the September 11 terrorist attack.

Here's a brief encounter of a few of the others:

  • "One long thread" by Belinda Jeffrey.  I like her writing.  I can sit through it. Not sure if teenagers will though; often quite morbid topics in her writing.
  • "Dead Actually" by Kaz Delaney.  About a very popular "mean girl" who dies and revisits as a ghost.  Good but not great.
  • "Chinese Cinderella" by Adeline Yen Mah.  True story of a Chinese girl growing up in horrible circumstances.
  • "Once" and "Then" by Morries Gleitzman. Historical fiction based on World War 2.  Good reads.  Would suit challenged reader in junior secondary.
  • "Breaking Dawn" by Stephanie Meyer. I couldn't help myself.  I needed something to listen to whilst out walking that was trashy.

Thursday, March 15, 2012

Encyclopaedia Britannica

End of an era...
Encyclopaedia Britannica will no longer offer a print edition. I'm not surprised, but it's a little sad that those beautiful editions, leather bound, and matching will no longer be printed. Information can be updated instantly in the digital edition and more information can be available in the limitless sphere of the iCloud.

Wednesday, February 29, 2012

New year, new beginning

This blog was created as a part of my learning for the Masters in Teacher Librarianship I have recently completed (hooray!) I decided today that just because the Uni course has finished does not mean that I cannot still blog about my library learning journey. And so here goes...

2012 has brought with it a change of library scenery; a new school in Melbourne and with that a whole range of new challenges. The library I left was at the top of it's game; lead by a forward thinking, tech savvy teacher librarian, the place was leaps and bounds in front of the pack. I am grateful for the experience.

Things I have ticked off the list at my new school library:
1. Implement a wider reading program as a part of the English curriculum
2. Stocktake the Series section
3. Re-shelve the Series section separately to Fiction
4. Collection development of Fiction, Series and Biography sections
5. Order furniture for the reading area
6. Order audio books for English texts

Things still to come:
1. Purchase ipods to begin audio borrowing system
2. Collection development of the Non-Fiction section.
3. Train students in selection of reading material
4. Join local SLAV network
5. Attend 3 Library PD's for the year
6. Ensure Library Handbook, including all policies and procedures are completed

I didn't say it wasn't going to be a busy year!
We did manage to celebrate Love to Read on Valentine's Day....

Tuesday, January 17, 2012

Evaluative Statement

Part A

The following online learning journal entries have been selected from http://coffeyinthelibrary.blogspot.com to demonstrate how INF506 learning objectives have been met throughout the unit:

• Tuesday January 3, 2012: Social Media Policy
• Friday December 30, 2011: 3 Library’s usage of social networking and social media
• Monday December 19, 2011: Second Life

The “Social Media Policy” journal entry identifies considerations to make when creating social media policy for workplaces. To make suggestions for the policy I have demonstrated my understanding of social networking and social media trends and tools commonly accessed and utilised. This includes internally (run on institution/workplace server) and externally accessed (not accessed on institution/workplace server) social networking technologies (Heriot-Watt University, 2008). I have demonstrated that I am aware of the positive and negative affects of the features and functions of these tools and trends. “If employees are going to use Social Media in the workplace they must participate in training to ensure they understand how to use it appropriately and effectively.” I acknowledge the value added contribution of social networking technologies to support workgroups, however I am also wary of using them to the best advantage “When posting ensure there is value in what is being shared.” This journal entry also shows an appreciation of the ethics surrounding the use of social networking and social media “Do not divulge sensitive, private, confidential information concerning the work place, colleagues or anyone else without permission.” The journal entry encourages the development of information policy and in particular social media policy to ensure that workgroups understand how to use social networking and social media technologies to enhance their work and also to participate safely and healthily in the online world “When using social media use your name, do not create fake profiles.” The work of Krosky (2009) and Lauby (2009) is acknowledged as a key source for research in the topic.

In the “3 Library’s usage of social networking and social media” journal entry I identify a range of social networking technologies and social media used by three libraries in Melbourne. A table is used to display the technologies being used to satisfy features of the website. I have been critical in discussion of how they are being used effectively or how they could be used to add value to their service. “Libraries need to promote their services via social media and social networking as this is where they will be seen or heard by their users.” I also identify the use of different technologies for “Networking and Connecting with others”; participatory library service is a key concept in our learning in INF506. I have provided reasons for libraries to use social networking technologies and social media and how it can be implemented. My three key ideas are: “Engaging with the modern technology that people are using, Providing information that is current when the need is relevant to the user, Promotion of Library services”. In this particular journal entry I am specifically discussing libraries and library users’ usage of social networking technologies. “Libraries need to utilise the technology that their clientele are using to ensure they remain relevant to the user.”

In the “Second Life” journal entry I demonstrate my understanding of a specific social networking technology ‘Second Life’. I examine critically the features and functions of this platform and consider a place for it in terms of education. “It has a lot of potential for providing information and engaging students.” I discuss the skills needed to use the technology “I also learnt to sit and stand, fly, run and check my view from a number of angles.” I demonstrate an understanding of the ethical issues “There are areas that are risky, it feels very addictive, all the avatars appeared "sexed" up and unrealistic” and the social issues “Her experience involved patients misunderstanding the blur between reality and virtual reality.” There were also management issues “it used up all my Internet download and that was a real annoyance.” After being a part of ‘Second Life’ I did some research: Keryn Loughman also thought ‘Second Life’ was taxing on her computer (Loughman, 16 Dec, 2011), Kristina Dell (2007) writing for TIME magazine conceded there were problems; “Amid low traffic and raunchy behavior, American Apparel and Starwood Hotels are a couple of the big brands that have pulled out of Second Life recently”. Regardless of the issues concerning Second Life through the experience and the reflection I have demonstrated my ability to use social networking technology and critically evaluate it in terms of features and functionality, social, educational, ethical and technical management issues, and the networking development of groups and organisations.

Word Count: 766


Coffey, R. (2011/12). Various posts, Coffey in the Library. Retrieved from (blog)

Dell, K. (2007). Second Life's Real World Problems. Time Magazine Business.
August 9. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1651500,00.html

Heriot-Watt University. (2008). Policy on Staff Use of Web 2.0 technologies,
Retrieved from http://www.hw.ac.uk/reference/web-2-point-0-staff.pdf

Kroski, E. (2009). Should your library have a social media policy?. School Library
Journal, 1 October. Retrieved from http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/ar

Lauby, S. (2009). 10 Must-Haves for Your Social Media Policy, Mashable, 6
February [blog]http://mashable.com/2009/06/02/social-media-policy-musts/

Loughman, K. (2011). My Second Life, The TL Journey, 16 Decemeber. Retrieved
from (blog)http://thetljourney.wordpress.com/2011/12/16/my-second-life/

Part B

INF506 is the final subject of my Masters of Education: Teacher Librarianship; consequently my exposure to social media and social networking throughout my two years of study has been high. I am also a part of a forward thinking and moving library and agree with Lorenzo (2007) who argues, “Responsible educators are always looking for ways to rejuvenate themselves to meet the needs of their most recent population of incoming students” (p. 3). I approached this subject feeling confident in my skills, knowledge and understanding of social networking technologies and social media and their features and functions.

INF506 assisted me in developing a deeper level of social networking that I probably would not have ventured towards without support or guidance. In particular I would like to comment on ‘Second Life’ as a way to develop a deeper social network and learn new skills. The virtual world allows users to develop an identity, build a house, earn money, travel, network and exist. The graphics were incredible, the use of sound (voice and music) impressive and there were a plethora of places to visit. Even though I did not feel comfortable (the anonymity and lack of reality), nor seem to find what I was looking for (I kept going to empty places) I can understand how this platform could become a reality for the way we provide information to people and further how people collaborate, converse, develop community and create content. My understanding of social networking developed as a result of entering this virtual world, being a part of conversations and searching for people and places. Lorenzo (2007) suggests ‘Second Life’ has tremendous capabilities for enhancing information fluency and computer literacy” (p. 9).

In terms of my development as an information professional INF506 did bring to the fore the need for Information policy in the workplace that reflects the current trends and tools in social networking and social media. Van Grove (2009) summarises “You need a social media policy that sets the foundation of your expectations, empowers your employees to tweet or blog without fear, rewards social media problem-solving, and educates staff on things to avoid in both personal and professional status updates.” I enjoyed the activities and reading concerning social media policies and feel more capable of ensuring Information policy in my workplace is current, accessible and appropriate to the environment and user.

In terms of my development as an information professional I have learnt a new term “folksonomy”. This is a form of tagging that is participatory; library users contribute to the tagging of resources to create tags that are relevant to the vocabulary of the user. My experience has involved taxonomy, tagging using a controlled vocabulary, most often by a single authority and without the input of users. Spiteri (2007) suggests folksonomy adds value to a library catalogue “by enabling clients to: store, maintain, and organize items of interest in the catalogue using their own tags” (p. 13). I agree with Spiteri, and encourage this form of participatory library service to add value to the library catalogue and to the user’s experience of the catalogue. However the introduction of folksonomy in a library would require library software that supported the user with the following applications: suggested vocabulary, correct spelling (provide dictionary) and guidelines that request no acronyms or slang words and encourage the use of nouns and non-plurals. In a school library setting there is learning and teaching opportunities to support folksonomy introduction. Spiteri (2007) argues, “Folksonomies share the problems inherent to all uncontrolled vocabularies, such as ambiguity, polysemy, synonymy, and basic level variation” (p. 15). As folksonomy is a relatively new concept for libraries the extent of these issues, or long term consequences is an area not well documented. In the meantime, there is a place for taxonomy in terms of ensuring controlled vocabularies are used and retrieval is possible as well as folksonomy to create participatory library service that allows user centred tagging supported by library guidelines and computer software.

The final comment I would like to make is regarding the use of Delicious. I currently use Diigo, a similar site in function, and so I was reluctant to save my searches or create ‘stacks’ anywhere else. I experimented with Delicious, however I did not utilise it to the fullest extent. I mentioned in my first journal entry that I would like to use the social networking aspect of Diigo or Delicious more, but I’ve got to admit I’m not there yet. I find the organisation and personal tagging of resources a great assistance, however I do not use the social networking features and feel I require more time to learn and invested interest in the purpose. Jeff Utecht’s (2008) “Stages of PLN Development” assisted me in understanding why I felt overwhelmed by my learning and out of balance with the world that exists outside my computer screen throughout this unit. I am relieved that now I have completed much of the workload for this unit I can revisit some of the tools and ideas I experimented with and consider their application with a clearer head. Mastering Diigo is on the list of things to do.

Word Count: 859


Coffey, R. (2011/12). Various posts, Coffey in the Library. Retrieved from (blog)

Lorenzo, G. (2007). Catalysts for Change: Information Fluency, Web 2.0, Library
2.0, and the New Education Culture. Clarence Center, NY: Lorenzo Associates, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.edpath.com/images/IFReport2.pdf

Spiteri, L. F. (2007). The structure and form of folksonomy tags: the road to the
public library catalogue, Information Technology and Libraries, 26 (3), 13-25. USA: American Library Association

Utecht, J. (2008). Stages of PLN Development, The Thinking Stick, 3 April (blog)

Van Grove, J. (2009). 3 Great Social Media Policies to Steal From, OPEN Forum, 25
September. Retrieved from http://www.openforum.com/idea-hub/topics/technology/article/3-great-social-media-policies-to-steal-from-jennifer-van-grove-1